Dog Spaying and Neutering - How Spaying & Neutering Affects Dog Health

How does dog spaying or neutering impact the health and wellbeing of my pet?

Spays and neuters for dogs are very beneficial in preventing certain diseases. For example, female dogs can get something called a pyometra. It's an infection of their uterus. Male dogs, if they're left intact, can have prosthetic issues in which they have trouble urinating, et cetera. And then there’s the obvious benefit of limiting their ability to reproduce.

Dr. Lander
Advanced Animal Care in Richmond

How soon should I bring in my pet to get spayed or neutered?

We recommend doing so at about six months to a year.

What are the possible conditions that can be helped by spaying or neutering my dog?

As I said earlier, pyometra, or the infection of the uterus, is an emergency. What can happen is the uterus fills with pus. It's pretty gross. And they can go septic and get very sick because of that.

Male dogs, as I said, can have really severe prostate issues where they have trouble urinating. Unwanted pregnancies and unplanned pregnancies are worrisome as well.

What will my veterinarian need to know about my dog before spaying or neutering?

Age is a really important one, so hopefully, you have an idea of the age of your pet. We can possibly determine that on a physical exam within a certain amount of time. But they’ll also want to know where you are in terms of activity level at home. How's the recovery going to be? And then, they’ll ask what your goals are for that animal—whether or not you do want to breed or not.

How long will it take for my dog to recover from being spayed or neutered?

Typically two to three weeks.

What care should I be prepared to provide at home while my dog is recovering from their surgery?

Activity restriction is really important to make sure that the incision doesn't dehisce. This is where the sutures can break open. Unfortunately, that's a situation you'll have to deal with using surgery...again. And then also, you'll want to ensure that the animal isn't licking or rubbing at the incision site. That can cause infection. Those are some things to look out for and be cognizant of at home.

If you still have other questions and you'd like to reach out to us, you can call us directly at (859) 202-3641, you can email us, or you can reach out on Facebook. But please do reach out, and we'll get back to you as fast as we can.

Dog Spaying and Neutering - FAQs

Dr. Lander
Advanced Animal Care in Richmond

How are dog neuter surgeries performed?

When dogs come in for neuter surgery, they're prepared in a very aseptic way. We clip and clean everything to prepare them for surgery. They're under anesthesia. So it is a pretty serious event in that way. But at the end of the day, neuters are nice because you don't go into the abdomen as you do for a spay for a female.

How our dog spays performed?

Female dogs are prepared in the same way that I described it for a neuter; it's a very aseptic technique, making sure everything's clipped and cleaned and they're anesthetized, but you do go into the abdomen for female spays.

Will the spay or neuter be painful for my dog?

So the actual process itself shouldn't if they're anesthetized, and pain management should be regulated well during that procedure. Postoperatively, however, we'll often send home anti-inflammatories to help with the inflammation and the pain.

Are there any complications to a spay or neuter surgery?

There can be, especially with neuter surgeries. Sometimes you'll get what's called a scrotal hematoma, where blood kind of builds up in the scrotum. With spays, there are certain vessels that should be ligated or tied off. And sometimes those can come off and there may be some bleeding that way. As a whole, though, complications are pretty minimal.

How long does a spay or neuter take?

Spays can take anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour and a half, depending on the size and maturity of the dog. A neuter surgery is usually a little shorter because, as I mentioned, you're not going into the abdomen—so that takes about 30 minutes to an hour.

What are some misconceptions about the spay, neuter process?

Some misconceptions you may hear, especially with neutering is, "Hey, we're taking away his masculinity." That's not true at all. Male dogs don't really have that concept. As for females and males, sometimes the metabolism and their ability to gain weight easily might be slightly altered. We'll say this might have some part in it as a whole though. What it takes from you as the owner is feeding them appropriate quantities of food at home and exercise to help limit that weight gain.

If you still have other questions and you'd like to reach out to us, you can call us directly at (859) 202-3641, you can email us, or you can reach out on Facebook. But please do reach out, and we'll get back to you as fast as we can.

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