Dog Vaccination - Key Dog Vaccination Facts For Optimal Health


What exactly are dog vaccinations?

Just as with humans, vaccinations are substances that are injected into the patient to help build immunity against certain viruses, bacteria, and diseases in general.


Dr. Lander
Advanced Animal Care in Richmond

How do vaccines impact the health and well-being of my dog?

They help build immunity against those diseases.

Are vaccines required by law?

Yes, especially the core vaccines. Rabies is of the utmost importance because if your dog were to bite someone or another dog but they're up to date on vaccines, especially rabies, that's really important.

Does my dog's lifestyle factor into what vaccines my veterinarian will recommend?

Absolutely. So maybe they hike a lot or they're exposed to a lot of water. In those cases, we’d recommend Leptospirosis and Lyme Disease vaccines, the latter of which protects against tick-borne diseases. Bordatella is another really common one if they go to dog parks or they go to boarding facilities in order to protect against kennel cough.

How soon should I get my dog vaccinated?

The typical age to kind of start with puppy vaccines is six to eight to nine weeks and that's kind of the first period there. And then each one after that occurs at three-week intervals, with the last one being around four months. The additional annual puppy vaccines help build upon that initial immunity.

Do I really need to avoid allowing my puppy to socialize with other dogs until they are fully vaccinated?

Absolutely. So this is a really big point for me too. Sometimes people may think, "Oh, we've received all of our puppy vaccines." Number one, those puppy vaccines should be administered by a veterinarian. Those administered or sold by other corporations may not be temperature regulated, whereas, in a veterinary hospital, they're temperature regulated and backed by multimillion-dollar companies. So that's number one. Two, we need to wait at least three to four weeks after the last puppy vaccine until we're exposed to unvaccinated dogs and unknown environments. That’s because things like Parvovirus, which can be really detrimental, very expensive to treat, and can even be fatal, can live in the environment. And that virus can live in the environment for years.

Why is it important to avoid missing a dog vaccination?

It's kind of that whole point of building immunity. Certain vaccines especially need to have a booster period where, unfortunately, if we don't make it within that certain amount of time (ideally three weeks), then we may have to start over and then add another booster.

What diseases are prevented with vaccinations?

So prevention is kind of a hard term in the way that nothing is 100% preventable, but vaccinations assist and increase your odds of providing immunity and the prevention of certain diseases for your pet—Parvo Distemper, so DA2PP is what it stands for, Distemper, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza, and Parvovirus. Rabies and Leptospirosis may also exist in the environment. Certain things that we vaccinate against will help you prevent it.

If you still have other questions and you'd like to reach out to us, you can call us directly at (859) 202-3641, you can email us, or you can reach out on Facebook. But please do reach out, and we'll get back to you as fast as we can.

Dog Vaccination - FAQs


Dr. Lander
Advanced Animal Care in Richmond

Are all puppy and dog vaccinations necessary?

Not all are necessary. I strongly recommend certain ones. The core vaccines are absolutely required, which are DA2PP, distemper, adenovirus, parainfluenza, parvovirus, and rabies.

Are those all of the core vaccines that you just listed?

Yes, those are the core vaccines.

Are core dog vaccinations mandatory?

Yes, they are, especially rabies. If another dog bites your dog, you would hope that your dog and the other dog are vaccinated against rabies because certain things can come into play, such as the need to quarantine or even euthanize one or both dogs.

What are the non-core vaccinations and why does my dog need them?

The leptospirosis vaccine is a well-known non-core vaccine. Lepto is a three-shot series at 6, 12, 16 weeks, and we then give it annually as well. We can also vaccinate against Lyme Disease. These vaccinations depend on exposure and what kind of environments the dog is typically in.

Does my senior dog still need core vaccinations?

I would recommend it unless there's some reason why not to do so in their history. It's always good to have that immunity on board, especially for our older patients if they can tolerate the vaccines. It’s beneficial for them to have that extra immunity against diseases.

If you still have other questions and you'd like to reach out to us, you can call us directly at (859) 202-3641, you can email us, or you can reach out on Facebook. But please do reach out, and we'll get back to you as fast as we can.

Service Category: 

Share this Content